sumerian jobs and social classes

Ziggurats had stairs climbing up to the top where a specialtemple was decorated with blue tiles to resemble the sky. The War side represents the different classes of the Sumerian Army (Chariots, Soldiers, and Warriors). Although a Mushkenu was a free man, he did not enjoy the same rights that of an Awilu. Women could freely go to themarketplace, buy and sell goods, handlelegal issues, own property, and starttheir own business. Ancient Sumerians in the Middle East may have been the first people to enter the Bronze Age. Ancient Mesopotamia: Leo Oppenheim. The middle class consists of semi-professionals, craftsmen, office staff, and sales employees. in the city of Ebla, where the Code of Er-Nammu was written on tablets. In Sumer, it was the male citizens who comprised the assembly of, elders and who controlled the power and wealth of the community. If you were sick, you called for a priest. The people known as Sumerians were in control of the area by 3000 B.C. This class mainly consisted or traders, merchants and the artisans who earned as per their skill in business, trading or manufacturing. CLICK the pictures above to go inside the Standard of Ur, Early Humans Ardipithecus and Australopithecus, Mesopotamia Sumerian City-States Activity, Greece The Rise of the City-State: Athens, Greece The Rise of the City-State: Sparta, Egypt The Double Crown and the Three Kingdoms, Egypt the Double Crown and the Three Kingdoms Activity, Egypt Burial Practices & the Afterlife Activity, Maya Achievements and Inventions Activity, Maya The Collapse of Maya Civilization Activity, Inca Science, Innovation & Technology Activity. Each city-state of Sumer was surrounded by a wall, with villages settled just outside and distinguished by the worship of local deities.

Sumer was a region in which the Sumerians resided and as history would tell us, the city rose up around the shrine of the God. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The communal lifestyle of Sumer stands in sharp contrast to the capitalist, society of the United States. Sumerian tradition says that Sargon was the son of a gardener who rose to the position of cupbearer for Ur-Zababa, king of Kish, which was not a servant position but a high official. Schools were common in Sumerian culture, marking the worlds first mass effort to pass along knowledge in order to keep a society running and building on itself. as the settlement of Tadmor, and it became a leading city of the Near East and a major trading read more, Masada is an ancient stone fortress in Israel, located high above the Dead Sea on a tall, rocky mesa. Students had to do a perfect job, or they werepunished. The Sumerians were basically specialized in jobs of hard work and effort, were hands were needed and power. Architecture on a grand scale is generally credited to have begun under the Sumerians, with religious structures dating back to 3400 B.C., although it appears that the basics of the structures began in the Ubaid period as far back as 5200 B.C. The Sumerians were musically inclined and a Sumerian hymn, Hurrian Hymn No. Further, each city was conceived to be the special concern of one, of the gods in Mesopotamia, and in a sense the equalitarianism of government placed. If they ran a shop or worked in the fields, they were paid for their goods or labor. Ur-Zababa was defeated by the king of Uruk, who was, in turn, overtaken by Sargon.

Now an Israeli national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the 840-acre complex holds well-preserved ruins attesting to the history of the ancient kingdom of Israel and the read more, Jerusalem is a city located in modern-day Israel and is considered by many to be one of the holiest places in the world. (Weiner, 1975, p. 436). There were four main classes ofpeople in ancient Sumer: the priests, the upper class,the lower class, and the slaves.

Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of As the cities grew, rich and poorsections of town developed, but all families had a homeof their own. In the United States the economists and sociologists have not devised exact guidelines for the social classes. Sumerians had a system of medicine that was based in magic and herbalism, but they were also familiar with processes of removing chemical parts from natural substances. The male god, An, and the female god, Ki, gave birth to Enlil, the chief god of the pantheon. The people who belonged to this class were involved in high paying jobs but were not as affluent, rich or powerful as the upper class. Their control of the region lasted for short of 2,000 years before the Babylonians took charge in 2004 B.C. Finally, the criminal justice systems of these two societies, Among the differences between Sumer and the United States is the position of, women in society. However, restitution is sometimes made part of sentencing and victims rights are becoming more important within the criminal justice system. Only priestscould know the gods' will. The contemporary criminal justice system has been viewed as a means of, regulating class interests by insuring that enforcement efforts are directed toward the.

Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Because of this, Sumerianpriests were very powerful. Within the client class, there were three sub-classes: As also Sumer contains, Babylon has a social class organization? The Standard of Ur is a magnificent piece of Sumerian art discovered by Leonard Wooley in the Royal Tombs of Ur. Slaves worked for the king, the temple, and the wealthy. Women wore dresses, off oneshoulder. Regardless of social class, strict compliance with orders and instructions was rewarded, while failure to comply was punished (Sterba, 1976, p. 25). The upper class, as the name suggests was the highest ranking class among the Sumerians after the Priests and was the class of people who were rich, wealthy and powerful. *You can also browse our support articles here >. READ MORE: 9 Ancient Sumerian Inventions That Changed the World. In 2004 B.C., the Elamites stormed Ur and took control. The buildings are noted for their arched doorways and flat roofs. The claim is that he was the secret child of a high priestess who placed him in a basket and cast him off into a river, a story that was later utilized for Moses in the Old Testament. Another difference between Sumer and the United States is slavery. Doors led into a small family courtyard and then to the roof. Theyhad more than 3,000 gods and goddesses. On the right is the "War" side. The middle class and the lower middle class seem to overlap. The Sumerian civilization was one of the earliest in Mesopotamia. Commoners were usually people that owned smaller amounts of land and mostly worked in jobs like, Fishermen, craftsmen and merchants. Because someone who could readand write could always find a good job, moststudents wanted to go to school. The information discovered will also show how early civilizations built their societies. Ur-Nammu also did the considerable work of constructing an organized and complicated legal code that is considered the first in history. Sumerians were the people who belonged to the Mesopotamia civilizations and times.

People did not work for money, nor did they compete to get rich at the expense of other individuals. The Sumerians were polytheistic. Typically, a slave bought at auction cost less than a donkey but more than a cow. Founded more than 4,000 years ago as a small port on the Euphrates River, the citys ruins are located in present-day Iraq. The Social Class Structures and Criminal Justice Systems of Sumerian and the United States. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on Facing a scarcity of stone, Sumerians made leaps in metal-casting for their sculpture work, though relief carving in stone was a popular art form. Each of these cities had individual rulers; although the leader of the dominant city could have been considered the king of the region. Remember, the Sumerians were polytheistic. The groups were based welth, ownership, work, land and position of hirachy. The very first ruling body of Sumer that has historical verification is the First Dynasty of Kish. At the top of the Sumerian upper class is the king and priests. In Mari around 1779 B.C., an ambitious 200-room palace was constructed. Established when the Han Dynasty in China officially opened trade with the West in 130 B.C., the Silk Road routes remained in use until 1453 A.D., when the Ottoman read more, Petra is an ancient city that lies in present-day Jordan and dates back to the fourth century B.C. The word, ziggurat, means "mountain ofthe gods.". The other model that is most commonly used is the five-class model including upper class, upper-middle, middle-middle, lower-middle, and lower class. They believed that everything that happened to them - good and bad - was the result of a god's pleasure or displeasure. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The objective of the criminal justice system in these two societies differed as well.

The low class is the blue collar workers. At its peak around 2800 BC, the city had a population between 40,000 and 80,000 people living between its six miles of defensive walls, making it a contender for the largest city in the world. As in Genesis, the Sumerians world is formed the heavens and earth are separated from one another by a solid dome. They invented the wheel to make their chariots and carts more mobile and to expand their ability to make pottery. All rights reserved.

In contrast, the United States has both urban and rural communities in which people work, for money and attempt to better their social situation. Villages and towns were built around Ubaid farming communities. Jerusalem is a site of major significance for the three largest monotheistic religions: Judaism, Islam and Christianity, and both Israel and Palestine have read more.