manifest destiny apush quizlet

-John C. Fremont was an American captain who helped to overthrow Mexican rule. 1866 - established by William Sylvis - wanted 8hr work days, banking reform, and an end to conviction labor - attempt to unite all laborers, invention that opened up new areas of land for settlement and expanded internal markets like coal and iron, formation of labor unions, The Labor Theory of Value proposed that the price of any good ought to reflect the amount of labor required to make it rather than it's supply and demand. Explain your answer. One-term president after William Henry Harrison; saw the annexation of Texas. Against the expansion of slavery. General during the Mexican-American War, becomes the 12th president. Long, narrow, wooden ships with tall masts and enormous sails. After a few skirmishes with Mexican soldiers in 1835, Texas leaders met and organized a temporary government. -the problem was the potential for extending slavery into new areas. He proposed that on the basis of this rejection, along with unpaid claims, Congress should declare war on Mexico. Texas claimed its southern border was the Rio Grande; Mexico wanted the border drawn at the Nueces River, about 100 miles noth of the Rio Gannde. This movement led by National Trades' Union and other labor leaders. How they are similar and different? This territory included CA, NM, NV, AZ, UT, TX, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. The Texas garrison held out for thirteen days, but in the final battle, all of the Texans were killed by the larger Mexican force. Santa Ana tried to swiftly put down the rebellion, but Texan soldiers surprised him and his troops on April 21, 1836. The dispute was resolved when British and American diplomats divided the region at the 49th parallel. Manifest Destiny is always regarded as a general notion rather than a specific policy. -Originally part of Mexico, Stephen Austin obtained a grant from Mexico to plant a colony on banks of Brazos River, bringing 300 Americans promising to be loyal to Mexico. German contribution to american culture.

quizlet apush chapter war Carried mail speedily the two-thousand lonely miles from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California. -The Aroostook War was a war between the U.S. and British lumberjacks for the boundary of Maine. Stood for keeping the soil of new western territories free of slavery. Phrase commonly used in the 1840's and 1850's. By pursuing a proslavery agendafirst in the Dred Scott decision and then in KansasBuchanan had widened the split in his party and the nation. The territory comprised what arenow the states of Oregon and Washington, and portions of what became British Columbia, Canada. Founder of the Mormons, who had a new revelation justifying polygamy, which led to violence and him being arrested. William Henry Harrison (Whigs) with John Tyler as VP, "hard cider and log cabins" campaign Vs. Martin Van Buren (Democrats). Bleeding Kansas was a sequence of violent events involving abolitionists and pro-Slavery elements that took place in Kansas-Nebraska Territory. Their founder was Joseph Smith was replaced by Brigham Young who moved them to Utah. The Mexicans forces, however, were able to annihilate the American Garrison at the Alamo mission in San Antonio after the famous, yet futile, group of Texas "patriots" tried to fight back. What provided the foundation for the Southern defense of slavery as a positive good? Lincoln thought that it was the national government's duty to prevent the expansion of slavery. By the 1850s railroad transportation was fairly cheap and widespread. (Treaty of Guadelupe Hildago). Texas was annexed to the U.S, in 1845, it was this action that caused the Mexican War. It was the 28th state and came in as slave state. a. Appointed minister to Mexico in 1845, John Slidell went to Mexico to pay for disputed Texas and California land. How was the Continental Army able to drive British forces out of Boston? It permitted Americans to share Newfoundland fisheries w/ the Canadians, and fixed the vague northern limits of Louisiana from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. -Zachary Taylor was the general whom Polk ordered to go to the Rio Grande, he defeated the Mexicans which took him to Buena Vista in Mexico.

Known as "Old Rough and Ready." Polk sent Slidell to offer a maximum of $25 million for it, but it was rejected by the Mexicans. T or F: In spite of its humble beginnings, the Log College had a lasting impact on both the Great Awakening and American higher education. A group of Canadian malcontents determined to free Canada from British rule made looting forays into Canada from an island being supplied by a ship from Carolina.

Sent as a special envoy by President Polk to Mexico City in 1847 to negotiate an end to the Mexican War. An aggressive slogan adopted in the Oregon boundary dispute, a dispute over where the border between Canada and Oregon should be drawn. although the Mexican Army was larger than US forces, they were poorly led, badly equipped. -The Bear Flag revolt was the revolt in which American settlers in California rebelled against the Mexican government. During the Gold Rush, many new settlers moved to California. Became the first presidential candidate for the Republican party. -The Webster-Ashburton Treaty was the compromise of the Maine territory between Daniel Webster and Lord Ashburton. The settlers said that the Americans could settle anywhere in the territory, raising the prospect of armed conflict. President in March 1845, wanted to settle oregon boundary dispute with britain, aquire California, and to incorperate Texas into union.

-Manifest Destiny was the the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable. It introduced the warehouse system of storing goods until duty is paid. An American steamer that was attacked by the British while it was carrying supplies to the insurgents across the Niagara River. President known for promoting Manifest Destiny. The agreement between President Polk and the new Mexican government for Mexico to cede California and New Mexico to the US and acknowledge the Rio Grand as the boundary of Texas. Because many Americans found the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons) strange, they were often persecuted, and moved around a lot. In 1850, California was admitted as a free state, the lands acquired from Mexico were dealt with, and slade trade was abolished in DC. This amendment passed the House twice, but failed to ever pass in Senate. Francis Cabot Lowell established a factory in 1814 at Waltham, Massachusetts. Texas threatened to build a rival empire out to Pacific, and Britain wishing to break US monopoly in cotton quickly recognized country of Texas. -The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican war, giving Texas and California to the U.S. in exchange for $15 million. Commander of the defenders of the Alamo who was only 26 years old. Led the U.S. forces' march on Mexico City during the Mexican War. Previously workers had worked from sun up to sundown. Snowbound winter in Sierra Nevada mountains. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory. Describe the roles of LULAC, MAYO, and La Raza Unida in the Chicano civil rights movement. Mexico claimed ownership of Texas as a breakaway province and refused to recognize the secession and subsequent military victory by Texas in 1836. James Gadsen, the U.S. Minister to Mexico, was instructed by President Pierce to draw up a treaty that would provide for the purchase of the territory through which the stage lines ran, along which the U.S. hoped to also eventually build a southern continental railroad. Britain set fire and sank a US ship in the Niagara River, almost led to war with Britain. Abolitionists, although a minority in the North, will develop a variety of strategies to campaign against slavery, William Henry Harrison (Whig) vs. Martin Van Buren (Democrat); result: Whig victory & a truly national two-party system, Problems the Whigs have when John Tyler takes office, -Tyler still holds many Democrat beliefs, despite being on the Whig ticket.

-"Spot" resolutions were introduced by Abraham Lincoln and they showed exactly what spot American blood was shed on American soil. Commander of the Army of Occupation on the Texas border. Polk dispatched him to Mexico City as minister in 1845 to present a maximum offer of $25 million for California and the land to the east. Explain. Although not abolitionist, it sought to block the spread of slavery in the territories. The South hated the Wilmot Proviso and a new Appropriations Bill was introduced in 1847 without the Proviso. It provoked one of the first debates on slavery at the federal level, and the principles of the Proviso became the core of the Free Soil, and later the Republican, Party. The Texas War of Independence was initiated by the Mexicans exerting more power over the American Texans.

The Oregon Treaty of 1846 established an U.S./Canadian (British) border along this parallel. This expression was popular in the 1840s. Mexicans - 1,500 dead, 1,000 captured. Abolitionists wanted no slavery in new land, Calhoun's supporters wanted slavery everywhere. They crushed his forces and captured him in the Battle of San Jacinto, and forced him to sign a treaty granting Texan independence. Belief that slavery should not exist in ANY of the territories gained from the Mexican-American War. Cite examples. They are still around today and are named after him. How did African Americans resist slavery? What evidence did Joseph McCarthy present to prove that Communists inside the United States did more to spread communism around the world than Communists abroad?

He did not suggest abolishing slavery where it already existed. -The fiscal bank provided a way for Clay's to establish a new Bank of the United States. The change from an agricultural to an industrial society and from home manufacturing to factory production, especially the one that took place in England from about 1750 to about 1850. This prompted Polk to provoke war with the Mexicans. He won electoral vote and agreed to extend US territory to the 19th parallel to current boarder between US and Canada. The American Party was a political organization created after the election of 1852 by the Know-Nothings.

Original last name was Trogdon. Create a diagram showing the long term effects of the New Deal. NEW! In South Carolina secessionists were barely defeated by moderates in state and federal elections. 1842 - Established Maine's northern border and the boundaries of the Great Lake states. However, two cabinet members felt that Mexico should fire the first shots, and they did in 1846. named manifest destiny in 1845, editor of new york times, democrat, missouri senator, expansionist, wanted to stand up to Britain over the Oregon territory, An American editor of a leading newspaper, a founder of the Republican party, reformer and politician He helped support reform movements and anti-slavery efforts through his New York Tribune newspaper.

The reasoning in the case is most similar to which prior Supreme Court precedent? Proposed after the National Bank was destroyed as a method for maintaining government funds with minimum risk. others wanted a 3rd choice. Defeated the Mexicans. 1815-1850; transition from small shops of hand-made goods to factories & mills powered by water; the first industrial labor force consisted of single girls in New England textile mills such as the Lowell Mills; accompanied by revolutions in transportation and the market economy. He came to office as the Civil War concluded.

James G. Birney drew enough votes away from Clay to give Polk New York, and thus the election. The Second Party System was a period of strong political participation that emerged when Andrew Jackson first ran for president in 1824. Treaty that ended the Mexican-American War. Polk was the President of the United States from 1845 to 1849. US annexed Texas in 1845. in 1818 US and Britain had jointly administered Oregon territory. Martin Van Buren - Free Soil Party (Oregon issues). Rio Grande, Nueces River, disputed territory. A trail of about 2,000 miles across the western half of the North American continent from Missouri River towns to what is now the state of California. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. This territory makes up the southern parts of Arizona and New Mexico. Civil governor of California, led the Army exploration to help Kearny.

Explain the key difference between Woodrow Wilson's missionary, or moral, diplomacy and William Taft's dollar diplomacy. Beginning in April 2001, in the United States there was a significant drop in? took over Mexico on March 2, 1836, leading 6,000 soldiers against former americans. He later served as U.S. When American settlers migrated to the Oregon county, British authorities tried to keep them south of the Columbia River. How did Republicans respond to the Dred Scott ruling? U.S. and Mexico agreed not to send troops into the disputed territory between the two rivers, but President Polk later reneged on the agreement. U.S. lent no aid. The Fugitive Slave Act, however, was resisted by many states who believed it encroached on their states rights and personal rights. apush quizlet 130 slaves took control of a ship, Britain offered asylum in the Bahamas; increased tensions between the US and Britain. President Polk did not want a second term, but Lewis Cass (Democrats), "Old Rough and Ready" Zachary Taylor (Whigs) were candidates, party for free men is born, free soil party forms, opposed expanding slavery, whigs ignored slavery issue, Taylor won. What was the Olive Branch Petition and who wrote it? This expression was popular in the 1840's.

Douglas, on the other hand, thought that popular sovereignty was the best way to address the issue because it was the most democratic method.

A trail that was very long for the Mormons. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory. The Wilmont Proviso was an amendment to the appropriation bill prohibiting slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico. -Company that traded profitably with the Indians of the Pacific Northwest for furs. Dougless was a great thinker and speaker. campaigned on issue of expansion, favored annexation of Texas, and taking all of Oregon. This treaty required Mexico to cede the American Southwest, including New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and California, to the U.S. U.S. gave Mexico $15 million in exchange, so that it would not look like conquest. -Nicholas P. Trist was the clerk of the state department who helped negotiate the armistice between Mexico and the U.S. -James. James K. Polk, who campaigned on the issue of expansion. c. Role performance in real life is not the conscious process that actors go through on the stage. The Territorial Conflict in Oregon was a conflict between the British and the Americans. The Republican Party was the political party, formed in 1854 as a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, that believed in the non-expansion of slavery and comprised of Whigs, Northern Democrats, and Free-Soilers, in defiance to the Slave Powers. Dred Scott was a Missouri slave sued for his freedom. Other Free Soilers cared nothing about slavery but simply wanted to keep the west a country for whites. Which one of these was one of romanticism's first composers?Mozart Beethoven Bach. Who practiced subsistence farming in the south? -Creole was an American ship captured by Virginia slaves. The power to determine the meaning of the Constitution established in Marbury v. Madison (1803) b. It was solved by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842. This idea was used to promote the annexation of most of the Western United States and was the driving force behind the acquisition of territory. -Joint resolution is a measure approved by both of the U.S. houses and signed by the president; used to approve foreign policy issues.

This was used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code.). On President Polk's orders, he took the Army into the disputed territory between the Nueces and Rio Grnade Rivers and built a fort on the north bank of the Rio Grande River. the 200 defenders were killed including co-commanders William Travis and Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett. Dred Scott claimed that his four year stay in the northern portion of the Louisiana Territory (made free land by the Missouri Compromise) had made him a free man in the process.

The Wilmont Proviso was introduced on August 8, 1846, in the United States House of Representatives. American ship captured by a group of rebelling Virginia slaves. President Buchanan recommended the admission of Kansas as a slave state under a constitution written by the proslavery Lecompton legislature even though the legitimacy of the constitution was widely questioned. -President Polk provoked the war by ordering U.S. troops into disputed territory between Texas and Mexico after the US annexation of Texas and the Mexican denial to sell land, which Mexico still considered its own. James Buchanan was the 15th President of the United States from 1791 to 1868. (April, 1836)Texas force of 900 led by Sam Huston attacker larger Mexican force, capturing Santa Anna and won independence, new Texas Government, (Lone Star Republic) asked to be annexed by US, but in fear of possible war with Mexico, and adding a slave state to US, we delayed annexation. His main accomplishment as president was the Alaska purchase, What happened in the Battle of Tippecanoe (1811). This region was called the "Great American Desert" in atlases published between 1820 and 1850, and many people were convinced this land was a Sahara habitable only to Indians. "Old Fuss and Feathers" national hero after Mexican American war. Lame Duck. Support for the Free Soil Party dropped, Pierce won. Also banned the slave trade (on the ocean.). The North's reaction to the Compromise of 1850, Massachusetts and other states elected abolitionists to the House & Senate (Charles Sumner), Various northern states passed ""Personal Liberty Laws" attempting to interfere with Fugitive Slave Law. Gen. Taylor took Monterrey, Gen, Winfield Scott took Vera Cruz and entered Mexico City. They felt this would balance out congress. But the Mexican government was still angry about the annexation of Texas and refused to talk to him. Militia were called in from both sides until the Webster Ashburn - Treaty was signed. Lincoln said that slavery was morally, socially, and politically wrong.

Of English-Irish-Osage ancestry, this author is known for award winning (and best- selling) travel writings, recording the landscapes and societies passed through.

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